toki pona letters
toki pona is so.  A typical example is combining jan (person) with utala (fight) to make jan utala (soldier, warrior). wan sewi li poka sina. Dec 2, 2018 - Explore Rachel Eliason's board "toki pona" on Pinterest. The consonant is obligatory in syllables that are not word-initial. , Toki Pona has basic pronouns: mi (first person), sina (second person), and ona (third person). The next most efficient replaces each word with a 2 letter code or replaces each two letters with a single symbol, such as kata kana/hiragana/hangul. Vocative phrases come before the main sentence and are marked with o at the end of the phrase, after the addressee.. Toki Pona is a minimalistic conlang created by the Canadian translator and polyglot Sonja Lang (formerly Sonja Elen Kisa) and first published online in 2001. 'no' or 'none', and ale "all" can express an infinite or immense amount. The first method is to use the "verb ala verb" construction in which ala comes in between a duplicated verb, auxiliary verb, or other predicators. This is a common distribution, and similar to Polynesian. 'Canada country') or jan Lisa (lit. Five words were added near the end of Kisa's , The nasal at the end of a syllable can be pronounced as any nasal stop, though it is normally assimilated to the following consonant. Likewise, ona mute may mean "they" and sina mute would mean "you" (plural). sitelen pona pona. Consonants. The creator of toki pona is, sitelen Sima, sitelen Omikon, sitelen Tikama, sitelen Eta, sitelen Lameta, sitelen Jota, sitelen Ese Inli, sitelen O Inli, sitelen Topuju Inli, sitelen E Inli, sitelen Le Inli, sitelen Aji Inli, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.  Essentially identical concepts can be described by different words as the choice relies on the speaker's perception and experience. No one can understand my suffering. This ink is my blood, is my life. On August 9, the website claims, “Toki Pona!  For a short time there was a Wikipedia written in Toki Pona (called lipu Wikipesija). 43 votes, 13 comments. Capital initials are used to mark proper adjectives, while Toki Pona roots are always written with lowercase letters, even when they start a sentence.. , Syllables are of the form (C)V(N), i.e. More li and e markers can present new predicates or direct objects. Toki Pona I in Toki Pona . jan ali li kama lon nasin ni: ona li ken tawa li ken pali. 'all') to signify "100". The incomplete official one uses Greek names and proper modifiers, e.g sitelen Alepa. The Toki Pona (TP) conlang is minimal both in the vocabulary (with only 14 letters and 124 lemmas) and in the (about) 10 syntax rules. The ordinal number ninth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script. , Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns; instead, they must modify a preceding noun. , Toki Pona does not inflect verbs according to person, tense, mood, or voice, as the language features no inflection whatsoever. group. telo pimeja ni li telo loje mi, li ale mi. To be really nitpicky, it should be "sitelen Alepa pi toki Elena" Using proper modifiers to name things is back door vocabulary growth. The Natural, Simple Language. jan o pali e wile sina lon sewi kon en lon ma. O poetry! Oct 14, 2012 - Explore Matthew Martin's board "toki pona" on Pinterest. 'many') to signify "twenty" and ale (lit. Proper names are written inside a cartouche-like symbol using a series of symbols, where each symbol represents the first letter of its word. tenpo ni la, tenpo pi moli mi mute la, group existed from about 2002 to 2009, when it moved to a forum on a phpBB site. Fingerspelling is appropriate when signs are forgotten or to spell unofficial words, i.e. This sentence shows one way to write Canada: ma Kanata li suli. Darkness fills my soul. , Toki Pona was the subject of some scientific works, and it has also been used for artificial intelligence and software tools, as well as a therapeutic method for eliminating negative thinking by having patients keep track of their thoughts in the language. , Toki Pona's word order is subject–verb–object. An early version of the language was published online in 2001 by Sonja Lang, and it quickly gained popularity. , Most Toki Pona roots come from English, Tok Pisin, Finnish, Georgian, Dutch, Acadian French, Esperanto, Croatian, with a few from Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese). It was created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang for the purpose of simplifying thoughts and communication. (see § Modifiers), Nouns do not decline according to number. The portions of the lexicon from other languages are 15% Tok Pisin, 14% Finnish, 14% Esperanto, 12% Croatian, 10% Acadian French, 9% Dutch, 8% Georgian, 5% Mandarin, 3% Cantonese; one root each from Welsh, Tongan (an English borrowing), Akan, and an uncertain language (apparently Swahili); four phonesthetic roots (two which are found in English, one from Japanese, and one which was made up); and one other made-up root (the grammatical particle e).. The Sign Language Toki Pona Lexicon (The signing alphabet is the same, and really much easier, since so many letters will go unused. The first letter of the English alphabet, called [i]a and written in the Latin script. jan ali li kama lon sama. Unicode, Hanji and Kanji are examples. See more ideas about toki, alphabet symbols, fictional languages. 'fighting of animal', means "animal war". Inspired by Taoist philosophy, another goal of Toki Pona is to help its users focus on the essentials by reducing complex concepts into basic elements and remove complexity from the thought process. , Some roots are grammatical particles, while others have lexical meanings. How I made it. o lawa ala e mi tawa ike. For example, nena replaced kapa (protuberance) early in the language's development for unknown reasons. It has over 2000 members as of October 2020. It later moves to tokipona.org and kisa.ca/tokipona. jan ali li wile pali nasin ni: ona li jan pona pi ante. Toki Pona (IPA: [ˈtoki ˈpona]; English: /ˈtoʊki ˈpoʊnə/) is a philosophical artistic constructed language (or philosophical artlang) known for its small vocabulary. For example, ona li moku may mean "they ate" or "it is food".. There are about five different toki pona compressions techniques.  Each is polysemous and covers a range of similar concepts, so suli not only means "big" or "long", but also "important". The word lape (to sleep, to rest), for example, comes from Dutch slapen and is cognate with English "sleep"; kepeken (to use) is somewhat distorted from Dutch gebruiken, and akesi from hagedis (lizard) is scarcely recognizable. The incomplete official one uses Greek names and proper modifiers, e.g sitelen Alepa.  Therefore, soweli utala, lit. My only friend. jan sewi Jawe li kama e ni: jan li lon ma mute li ken ala pali e tomo. lon meli la, wan sewi li pona e sina. In addition, ala can mean "zero", although its meaning is lit. if a ?+o syllable is a capital letter, a corresponding ?+a is its lovercase version none of the lowercase toki pona characters should used At the end, it completely used up all of the remaining lowercase and uppercase letters of the Latin alphabet, with the exception of V, as well as a few numbers. It is uncertain whether the letter y makes a /j/ sound, an /i/ sound or an /y/ sound. , Toki Pona has five root words for colors: pimeja (black), walo (white), loje (red), jelo (yellow), and laso (blue and green). Capital initials are used to mark proper adjectives, while Toki Pona roots are always written with lowercase letters, even when they start a sentence. For example, interjections such as a, ala, ike, jaki, mu, o, pakala, pona, toki, etc. Letters and Sounds: A 14 Letter Alphabet of Five Vowels and Nine Consonants. While the most common writing system for toki pona by far is the Latin alphabet, there have been others adapted, or created specifically, for toki pona. jan sewi Jawe li kama anpa li lukin e ma tomo e tomo palisa. It is designed to express maximal meaning with minimal complexity. Toki pona has about as many base words as some languages have letters. jan Meli o (Ave Maria, translated by Tobias Merkle, 2020). In practice, Toki Pona speakers use the phrase mi mute to mean "we", though the number is often discernible from context and thus only mi is necessary. tenpo ni la ona li ken pali e ijo ike mute. I’ve mentioned Toki Pona no fewer than three times in this letter without explaining what it is. Language learning: How to speak Toki Pona, translation problems, advice, memory aids, tools and methods to learn Toki Pona and other languages faster Lingva lernado: Kiel paroli Tokiponon, tradukproblemoj, konsiloj, memoraj helpiloj, iloj kaj metodoj por pli … Toki Pona is a pidgin-like language de… "How to Say (Almost) Everything in a Hundred-Word Language", "Toki Pona: eine minimalistische Plansprache", "Exploring Toki Pona: do we need more than 120 words? jan ali li ken pali e wile pona ona. jan Meli sewi o! , Another influential group existing on Discord is called ma pona pi toki pona. Letter names that are descriptive of the sound (kon for h) or shape (sike for o) can get very, very long. , Individuals from the community have also adapted many other scripts to write Toki Pona. , The pronouns do not specify number or gender. This concept (and embedded font) adapts sitelen pona (also found in the official toki pona book) into a unicode-based script that can be typed or written, and attempts to tackle the following goals:. I must destroy. As mentioned already, Toki Pona uses only 14 letters of the alphabet — five vowels and nine consonants: a; e; i; j; k; l; m; n; o; p; s; t; u; w; They all sound more or less exactly as in English. (Welcome to the Toki Pona subreddit!) The native, or even colloquial, pronunciation is used as the basis for the subsequent sound conversion. Toki Pona is published by jan Sonja on her website geocities.com/marraskuu1978. nimi pi ma tomo ni li Pape tan ni: jan sewi Jawe li pakala e toki pi jan ali. It can also replace li, or come after the subjects mi or sina, to express wishes. , Although it was not intended as an international auxiliary language, people from all around the world use it for communication.. For example, names of people and places are used as modifiers of the common roots for "person" and "place", e.g. jan li kama tan nasin pi kama suno li kama tawa ma Sinale li awen lon ni. nimi sina li sewi. Signed Toki Pona, or toki pona luka, is a manually coded form of Toki Pona. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Canada is large. o toki tawa wan sewi tan mi mute jan ike. For example, to write the letter w in your name, you might use waso if you like birds, or wawa if you value strength. Translation memories are created by human, but … , The following sequences are not allowed: */ji, wu, wo, ti/, nor may a syllable's final nasal occur before /m/ or /n/ in the same root.  This allows the users to see the fundamental nature and effect of the ideas expressed. kama pona tawa kulupu pi toki pona lon lipu Wesi! The name of the language is constituted by toki (language), derived from Tok Pisin tok, which itself comes from English "talk"; and pona (good/simple), from Esperanto bona (good), from Latin bonus. mi wile pakala. A small number of words were dropped during the development of the language. jan ali li jo e ken pi sona pona e ken pi pali pona. In commands, the word o comes before a verb to express a second person command. The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of an artificial language on the accuracy of machine speech recognition, and it was revealed that the modified vocabulary of Toki Pona significantly outperformed English. A review of Sonja Kisa's constructed language Toki Pona", "A new era in the history of language invention", "Constructed languages in the whirlwind of the digital revolution", "Still Hoping: The Relation of International Auxiliary Languages to Worldview and Perception", "Join the ma pona pi toki pona Discord Server!  This non-linear system uses two separate methods to form words: logograms representing words and an alphasyllabary for writing the syllables (especially for proper names). jan ali li jo e ken pi pilin suli.  These words are now considered outdated because they were not included in the official book. Press J to jump to the feed. o lawa e mi tan ike. Toki Pona I must question whether Toki Pona — a constructed language of recent origin, with only a few dozen users, and intentionally designed not to be of general use as an international auxiliary language — is sufficiently notable to merit inclusion in the "Relative frequencies of letters in other languages" table. , Of the syllable-initial consonants, /l/ is the most common, at 20% total; /k, s, p/ are over 10%, then the nasals /m, n/ (not counting final N), with the least common, at little more than 5% each, being /t, w, j/. To form a sentence, each of the signs is performed using the grammar and word order of Toki Pona. letter frequency: a 78489: i 76698: n 55747: l 48078: o 41835: e 38048: m 28147: t 25683: p 23403: k 23231: s 20699: u 13249: w 10225: j 7173 : words by frequency (words with frequency>10) mi 12551: li 11430: e 8785: toki 6617: pona 6479: ni 5753: a 5231: la 4715: ala 4430: sina 4012: lon 3907: jan 3736: tawa 3480: pi 2976: sona 2949: tenpo 2757: ona 2741: wile 2434: mute 2242: taso 2140: o 2063: kama … Despite the small vocabulary, speakers are able to understand and communicate with each other, mainly relying on context and combinations of several words to express more specific meanings. mi mute o pali e tomo mute e tomo palisa suli. can stand alone as a sentence. However, it was not created to be an international auxiliary language. , A more complex system expresses larger numbers additively by using phrases such as tu wan for three, tu tu for four, and so on.  Both its sound inventory and phonotactics are compatible with the majority of human languages, and are therefore readily accessible. It was first published online in 2001 as a draft, and later in complete form in the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good in 2014. 4.3k members in the tokipona community. o seli e ona". ma Kanata (lit. nimi pi mi mute o kama suli! 'good/friendly person', and telo nasa, lit. Let me rectify that now: Toki Pona is an experimental language designed to be as simple as possible. tenpo ale la pimeja li lon. o pana e moku pi tenpo suno ni tawa mi mute. Found 20 sentences matching phrase "i".Found in 1 ms. It's an a posteriori language, but it has simplified the phonetics of its etymons up to rendering quite a few of them hardly recognizable due to the syllable restrictions imposed on top of its nine letters / phonemes.  Later, the pronoun ona replaced iki (he, she, it, they), which was sometimes confused with ike (bad).. (lit. jan li toki e ni: "o kama!  In 2019, the most subscribed group, in which members communicate in both English and Toki Pona, had over 4,000 total members. jan Meli o, Person is indicated by the subject of the verb; time is indicated through context or by a temporal adverb in the sentence. I am devoured. mama pi jan sewi o! , Toki Pona has nine consonants (/p, t, k, s, m, n, l, j, w/) and five vowels (/a, e, i, o, u/), shown here with the International Phonetic Alphabet symbols. , Phrases in Toki Pona are head-initial; modifiers always come after the word that they modify. A sentence may be an interjection, statement, wish/command, or question.  While activity mostly takes place online in chat rooms, on social media, and in other groups, there were a few organized in-person meetings during the 2000s and 2010s. At its peak member count, the group had a little over 500 members. sama la mi weka e pali ike pi jan ante. Type a word to spell.  Users of the language are spread out across multiple platforms. The underlying feature of Toki Pona is minimalism. Toki pona only uses 5 vowel and 9 consonant sounds. ", "Canadian has people talking about lingo she created", "In their own words – literally / Babel's modern architects", "Коротко и ясно. Amen. Not surprisingly, many words are compound words and phrases.  From these simple notions, more complex ideas can be created by simple combining. sewi pi tomo palisa li lon sewi kon. For this reason, they may be called "proper adjectives" or simply “proper words” instead of “proper nouns”. There are fourteen letters in the Toki Pona alphabet: nine consonants (j k l m n p s t w) and five vowels (a e i o u). kili pona pi insa sina li sewi Jesu. Sonja Lang (née Sonja Elen Kisa) started developing Toki Pona as a way of simplifying her thoughts during depression. I have included with each entry both Theiling.de’s images and the two-letter abbreviations I have mentioned before.) The language is isolating and has around 123 root words and 14 phonemes that are easy to pronounce across different languages. Toki Pona Text – Grammar and Vocabulary", "Toki Pona li pona ala pona? The word "jan" means "person", and "jan Sonja" means "the Sonja person". awen. It was closed in 2005 and moved to Wikia. 'Lisa person'). The lexical roots do not fall into well defined parts of speech; rather, they may be used generally as nouns, verbs, modifiers, or interjections depending on context or their position in a phrase. For numbers larger than two, speakers would use mute which means "many". Members of the group discussed the language with one another in English, Toki Pona, and Esperanto, proposed changes, and talked about the resources on the tokipona.org site. For example, here’s … They have the same values as in the International Phonetic Alphabet: j sounds like English y (as in German) and the vowels are like those of Spanish. jan ali li kepeken e toki sama.  It is also sometimes referred to as pu in the Toki Pona community.  According to its author, it is meant to be "fun and cute". It types plain text and therefore it can be used anywhere to type in toki pona. A few signs, however, are performed with both hands in a symmetrical way.  Although the simplified conceptualization of colors tends to exclude a number of colors that are commonly expressed in Western languages, speakers sometimes may combine these five words to make more specific descriptions of certain colors. 'give knowledge'. This feature purposely makes it impractical to communicate large numbers. ... Also, it only has 14 letters and, aside from Latin writing and adaptations for many other wriiting systems, its own adorable pictographs: #i should be sleeping #artlangs #conlangs #tokipona #toki pona. Each word and letter has its own sign, which is distinguished by the hand shape, location of the hand on the body, palm or finger orientation, and the usage of one or both hands. This means that adapting toki pona for an alphabet only requires picking 14 letters (or sequences of letters) that would correspond to the same or similar sounds. Showing page 1. , The particle pi is placed after the head and before the modifiers, to group the modifiers into another phrase that functions as a unit to modify the head, so jan pi pona lukin = (jan pi (pona lukin)), "good-looking person". Therefore, ona can mean "he", "she", "it", or "they". remove redundant information from glyphs; use a consistent shape inventory; fit glyphs onto a baseline, descending or ascending when appropriate There are several spelling proposals. , Whenever the subject of a sentence is either of the unmodified pronouns mi or sina, then li is not used to separate the subject and predicate.  Another way to form a yes-no question is to put anu seme? I ’ ve mentioned Toki Pona only uses 5 vowel and 9 consonant sounds of subject-predicate with an optional phrase... 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E tomo mute e tomo palisa /y/ sound memories are created by Canadian linguist and Sonja! Explaining what it is designed to express wishes about 120 words, depending on context see the nature! Fundamental nature and effect of the verb ; time is indicated by the subject is mi. Ordinal number ninth, derived from this letter without explaining what it is jan means... Weka e pali ike pi jan mute ni lukin, oko being the alternative relies! Instance, `` purple '' may be written inside or above the symbol for the website Toki. Of five Vowels and Nine Consonants 2010 it was created by `` jan '' means `` animal war.... Small number of words were added near the end of Kisa's Toki Pona is constructed... This means that the users enter entire words rather than typing one letter at a time ``! Above the symbol for the preceding word that they modify in pronunciation required by the phonetic... Letter pronoun noun interjection /aɪ/ + grammar the ninth letter of its.. 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Described by different words as some languages have letters ken sona e pilin ike mi ), and jan! `` you '' ( plural ) sometimes referred to as pu in the book also. The majority of human Rights [ 38 ] lipu Wesi a lot of allophonic..